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Introduction to Neuroscience
The brain is the most complex organ in the body, it is made up of cells with very varied roles, such as neurons, that are able to send electrical messages.
Remarkably, the human brain is capable of encoding memories that last for decades! The brain uses a large volume of the calories and oxygen we take into our bodies, but there are many aspects of brain function that are not very well understood.
In this resource, you will be introduced to the basic physical structure of the brain, such as the different lobes, before delving in to the cellular level to explore the networks of different cell types that make up the brain and enable messages to be sent, as well as the blood brain barrier that acts to protect the brain from foreign substances. Finally, you will begin to think about how these physical structures and biological functions result in memory, one of the most amazing capabilities of the brain and a rapidly evolving area of research.
This resource was created with support from the Take Your Place project. Please visit https://www.takeyourplace.ac.uk/ for more information.
Activity 1 - Brain Structure
In this activity, you will look at the structure of the human brain and the basic structure of neurons.
Activity 2 - How Neurons Communicate
In this activity you will
learn what an action potential is and how neurons communicate with each other.
Activity 3 - How does memory work?
You will watch a short video and read an article to find out the key points in memory formation.
- What cell type is responsible for sending electrical messages in the brain?
- What helps to protect the brain from foreign substances?
- What is an action potential?
- What are the key stages (in order) of memory formation?
- Microglia cells are found only in the brain. What is their role?
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Discover more subjects
The Brain Facts website includes neuroscience research and articles written by neuroscientists from around the world
Neuroscience for Kids
This site aimed at teachers and students gives lots of useful information about all the aspects of the nervous system
A magazine article exploring the ideas behind how memories are made and stored
TED talk: How your brain hallucinates your conscious reality
Talk from a cognitive neuroscientist about whether reality is just an hallucination